Rate, Reasons, Predictors, and Burden of Readmissions After Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Placement

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Article, Peer-reviewed

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Background: Nationwide data on readmissions after the Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) procedure is lacking.

Aims: We aimed to investigate the 30-day readmission rate after TIPS procedure, reasons, and predictors for readmissions, and its impact on resource utilization and mortality in the United States.

Methods: We identified all adults who underwent an inpatient TIPS procedure between 2010 and 2014 using the national readmission database. Outcomes included all-cause 30-day readmission rate, reasons and predictors of readmissions, mortality rate, and mean hospitalization charges.

Results: Out of a total of 31,230 hospitalizations with TIPS procedure, 28,021 patients met the study criteria and were finally included. The mean age of patients was 56.90 years, and 63.84% were males. All-cause 30-day readmission rate was 27.81%. Hepatic encephalopathy with or without coma was the most common reason for readmissions in at least 36.43% patients. The in-hospital mortality for index hospitalization and 30 -day readmission was 10.69% and 5.85%, respectively. The mean hospitalization charges for index hospitalization and readmissions were $153,357 and $45,751, respectively. Advanced age, Medicaid insurance, higher charlson comorbidy index, ascites as indication of TIPPS, and nonspecific or hepatitis C cirrhosis etiologies were found to be independent predictors of 30-day readmissions after a TIPS procedure.

Conclusions: Our study found a high rate of readmission for patients undergoing TIPS procedure, and the majority of these readmissions were related to hepatic encephalopathy. Further studies highlighting areas for improvement, particularly for patient selection and post-discharge care, are needed to reduce readmissions.

Keywords: 30-day readmission rate; National Readmission Database; Predictors for Readmission; Resource Utilization; TIPS related readmission.