The association of cognitive impairment as screened by the Mini-Cog with long term post-hospitalization outcomes
Geriatric Medicine; Healthcare Quality; Medicine
Prior studies have suggested that patients with cognitive impairment are at increased risk for adverse post-hospitalization outcomes. We aimed to determine if cognitive status assessed by the Mini-Cog, a quick bedside screening test, is associated with long-term outcomes.
In this secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study, 668 patients >65 years of age admitted to a tertiary care academic hospital over a two-year period were screened for cognitive impairment with the Mini-Cog within 24 h of admission. We performed multivariable regression adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, principal diagnoses and functional status to determine association between cognitive impairment and discharge to post-acute care, 90-day readmission and one-year mortality.
Overall 35% screened positive for cognitive impairment. Those with impairment were older (median age 83 versus 78), less likely to be admitted from home and had lower functional independence and self-reported performance scores (p < 0.001 for all). Patients with cognitive impairment were more likely to be discharged to post-acute care facilities (54% versus 39%, p < 0.001). 90-day readmission rate of patients with and without cognitive impairment was 35% versus 27%; one-year survival 77% versus 84% and median length-of-stay was 4 days for both groups. Differences in readmission and mortality were not statistically significant after adjusting for covariates.
Cognitive impairment as screened for by the Mini-Cog was not associated with readmission, length-of-stay, or 1-year mortality but was associated with discharge to post-acute care. Other tools such as frailty assessment may be more useful in predicting these outcomes in hospitalized older adults.
Shami A, Brennan M, Marie PS, Lindenauer PK, Stefan MS. The association of cognitive impairment as screened by the Mini-Cog with long term post-hospitalization outcomes. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2019 Jul 18;85:103916.