Accuracy of the Bayley-II mental development index at 2 years as a predictor of cognitive impairment at school age among children born extremely preterm
To describe the accuracy of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) Mental Development Index (MDI) at 2 years of age for prediction of cognitive function at school age of children born extremely preterm.
Study participants were enrolled in the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn Study between 2002 and 2004. Two-thirds of surviving children (n = 795) were assessed at 2 years with the BSID-II and at 10 years with an intelligence quotient (IQ) test. We computed test characteristics for a low MDI (
Almost two-thirds of children with a low MDI had a normal IQ (≥ 70) at 10 years. Concordance between MDI and IQ was highest among children with major motor and/or sensory impairment, and when MDI was adjusted for gestational age.
Most children born extremely preterm with low BSID-II MDI at 2 years have normal intelligence at school age.
O'Shea TM, Joseph RM, Allred EN, Taylor HG, Leviton A, Heeren T, Douglass LM, Frazier JA, Jara H, Kuban KCK; ELGAN Study Investigators [Collaborators: Shah B, Singh R ]. Accuracy of the Bayley-II mental development index at 2 years as a predictor of cognitive impairment at school age among children born extremely preterm. J Perinatol. 2018 Jul;38(7):908-916.