Comparison of antithrombotic agents during urgent percutaneous coronary intervention following thrombolytic therapy: A retrospective cohort study

Author Department

Cardiology; Medicine

Document Type

Article, Peer-reviewed

Publication Date




The optimal antithrombotic regimen for urgent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) following thrombolytic therapy for ST segment myocardial infarction (STEMI) is currently unknown.


We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients referred to our institution from January 2005 to July 2014 who underwent urgent PCI within 24 hr after receiving thrombolytic therapy. The patients were divided into three cohorts based on the anticoagulation strategy during PCI-bivalirudin, heparin alone or heparin plus Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI). The primary end point of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was defined as a composite of inpatient death, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Net adverse clinical events (NACE) were defined as a combination of MACE plus major bleeding complications. Univariable, multivariable and propensity-weighted modeling were used to compare MACE and NACE between the three treatment groups.


A total of 695 patients met the inclusion criteria during the study period. In the univariable analysis, there was no significant difference treatment in MACE between the three groups (Bivalirudin: 1.2% vs. Heparin + GPI: 4.4%; Heparin alone: 2.7%, P = 0.11). In the reduced logistic regression model, compared to bivalirudin, the odds of NACE was significantly higher with heparin alone (OR: 3.58, 95% CI: 1.21, 10.54, P = 0.02) or with heparin plus GPI (OR: 9.0, 95% CI: 2.83, 28.64, P <0.001).


In STEMI patients undergoing PCI within 24 hr after thrombolytic therapy, bivalirudin was associated with a strong trend toward reduced bleeding complications as compared to heparin alone or heparin plus GPI. The optimal antithrombotic regiment for urgent PCI following thrombolytic therapy is currently unknown. Our study demonstrated that use of bivalirudin during PCI following thrombolytic therapy is associated with a trend toward reduced bleeding complications compared to heparin alone or heparin plus GPI. Large randomized trials of adjunctive anticoagulation during PCI in this complex post-thrombolytic population are warranted.