Imaging of Female Pelvic Emergencies
Pelvic pain is a common complaint in female patients who present to the emergency department. Although encountered frequently, the path to a definitive diagnosis is not always a straightforward one, and imaging offers a valuable tool to aid in this diagnostic challenge. Radiologists must be familiar with the most common etiologies of female pelvic pain in the emergency setting, their imaging characteristics, and the best way to further evaluate challenging clinical presentations. This allows the radiologist to serve as a valuable asset to the treating physician, aiding in accurate diagnosis, and in guiding the course of treatment, all while ensuring the "Image Wisely" principle. A sonographic approach to female patients presenting to the emergency setting with pelvic pain has been presented in this article and some example entities along with their imaging findings have also been reviewed.
Thut DP, Morrow MS, Moore CC. Imaging of Female Pelvic Emergencies. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2017 Aug;38(4):310-326.