Prospective, Randomized, Concurrently-Controlled Study of a Stent Graft versus Balloon Angioplasty for Treatment of Arteriovenous Access Graft Stenosis: 2-Year Results of the RENOVA Study
To present final, 2-year data from randomized comparison of an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene stent graft (SG) and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for treatment of arteriovenous graft (AVG) anastomotic stenoses.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
A 28-site, prospective, controlled US study enrolled 270 patients with malfunctioning AVG anastomotic stenoses of ≥ 50%; 138 patients underwent SG placement, and 132 underwent PTA alone. Follow-up imaging and intervention were event-driven.
The study was completed by 191 patients (97 SG, 94 PTA). Five patients were lost to follow-up or withdrew; 74 patients died during the study (38 SG, 36 PTA). At 12 months, treatment area primary patency (TAPP) was SG 47.6% versus PTA 24.8% (P < .001), access circuit primary patency (ACPP) was SG 24% versus PTA 11% (P = .007), and index of patency function (IPF) was SG 5.2 months/intervention ± 4.1 versus PTA 4.4 months/intervention ± 3.5 (P = .009). At 24 months, TAPP was SG 26.9% versus PTA 13.5% (P < .001), ACPP was SG 9.5% versus PTA 5.5% (P = .01), and IPF was SG 7.1 months/intervention ± 7.0 versus PTA 5.3 months/intervention ± 5.2; estimated number of reinterventions before graft abandonment was 3.4 for SG patients versus 4.3 for PTA patients. There were no significant differences in adverse events (P > .05) except for restenosis requiring reintervention rates of 82.6% in PTA patients versus 63.0% in SG patients (P < .001).
At 2 years, SG use provided a sustained, greater than 2-fold advantage over PTA in treatment area and overall access patency. Time to subsequent intervention was longer in the SG group.
Haskal ZJ, Saad TF, Hoggard JG, Cooper R4, Lipkowitz GS, Gerges A, Ross JR, Pflederer TA, Mietling SW. Prospective, Randomized, Concurrently-Controlled Study of a Stent Graft versus Balloon Angioplasty for Treatment of Arteriovenous Access Graft Stenosis: 2-Year Results of the RENOVA Study. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2016 Aug;27(8):1105-1114.e3.