Association between efficacy and body weight or body mass index for two low-dose oral contraceptives
BACKGROUND: This analysis investigated the association of oral contraceptive efficacy with body weight and body mass index (BMI) for hypothesis-generating purposes. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from a randomized, parallel-group trial of 180/215/250 mcg of norgestimate (NGM)/25 mcg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) (given to 1671 women) and 1 mg of norethindrone acetate (NETA)/20 mcg of EE (given to 1139 women). Pregnancies were evaluated across BMI deciles and by BMI and body weight dichotomies. A Pearl index was calculated for each treatment group. The relative risk (RR) of pregnancy was calculated with a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The Pearl index for women who received NGM/EE was 2.36 [95% confidence interval (CI)=1.33-3.40]; for those who received NETA/EE, the Pearl index was 3.29 (95% CI=1.81-4.77). Consistent, weak positive associations between weight and pregnancy risk were found. Overall, for women with a BMI >or=25 kg/m(2) (compared with women with a BMI <25 kg/m(2)), the RR of pregnancy was 1.84 (95% CI=0.98-3.45); that for women who received NGM/EE was 1.39 (95% CI=0.57-3.40), whereas that for women who received NETA/EE was 2.49 (95% CI=1.01-6.13). For women with a body weight >or=70 kg (compared with women with a body weight <70 kg), the RR was 1.25 (95% CI=0.63-2.46); that for women who received NGM/EE was 1.41 (95% CI=0.56-3.54), whereas that for women who received NETA/EE was 1.12 (95% CI=0.40-3.12). CONCLUSION: Women in the higher body weight or BMI category showed a small increase in the risk of pregnancy with these oral contraceptives, but this increase was not statistically significant overall or for either formulation studied.
Burkman RT, Fisher AC, Wan GJ, Barnowski CE, LaGuardia KD. Association between efficacy and body weight or body mass index for two low-dose oral contraceptives Contraception 2009 Jun;79(6):424-7.