Can a Checklist Facilitate Recognition of a Transfusion-Associated Adverse Event by Prelicensure Nursing Students?
Background: Early identification of a transfusion-associated adverse event (TAAE) is key to patient safety. Research has indicated that use of a TAAE checklist resulted in greater frequency of TAAE recognition behaviors.
Purpose: To explore whether use of a TAAE checklist resulted in greater frequency of TAAE recognition behaviors among nursing students.
Methods: A prospective, randomized controlled study was conducted with 62 nursing students playing the role of a registered nurse in a simulation of a patient exhibiting clinical indicators of a TAAE. Subjects were randomly assigned to have or not have a TAAE checklist. Time to recognition of the TAAE was measured.
Results: The checklist group (CG) identified TAAEs on average 4 minutes sooner than the non-CG (P < .001). CG subjects were also significantly less likely to miss TAAEs completely.
Conclusions: A checklist may improve the safety of transfusions by promoting earlier recognition and treatment of TAAEs.
Scott SS, Scanlon M, McKelvey M, Nathanson BH, Andrzejewski C Jr. Can a Checklist Facilitate Recognition of a Transfusion-Associated Adverse Event by Prelicensure Nursing Students? Nurse Educ. 2023 Nov 2. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000001556. Epub ahead of print.