A comparison of short-term outcomes between laparoscopic supracervical and total hysterectomy

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Article, Peer-reviewed

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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative outcome measures of laparoscopic supracervical (LSH) and total hysterectomies (TLH). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of 1016 LSHs and TLHs at a tertiary medical center between November 1999 and August 2008 in a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: Overall, the groups were similar. Most of the perioperative outcome measures did not differ statistically between the groups. However, the risk of serious complications was higher for TLH (5.8% vs 2.5%; odds ratio [OR], 2.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-5.49). Specifically, urinary tract injury occurred more frequently in TLH (2.2% vs 0.5%; OR, 4.75; 95% CI, 1.21-18.56). Conversion to laparotomy was significantly more common in TLH (5.8% vs 4.1%; OR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.20-4.22). CONCLUSION: In this largest comparison, short-term morbidity of TLH and LSH is overall similar. TLH presents a clinically small, but statistically significant, increased risk of urinary tract injury and conversion to laparotomy.

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