Bladder squamous cell carcinoma in situ in the background of condyloma acuminatum in a kidney transplant recipient

Author Department

Pathology; Medicine

Document Type

Article, Peer-reviewed

Publication Date



Condyloma acuminatum with synchronous squamous cell carcinoma in situ (CIS) rarely occurs in the bladder. In developed countries, bladder squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is uncommon. Among the various noninvasive squamous bladder lesions, there is significant morphological overlap, which further complicates accurate diagnosis. Immunosuppression and human papilloma virus increase the risk of bladder condyloma acuminatum, which has a strong association with bladder SCC. Herein, we describe a case of a 79-year-old man with a history of end-stage renal disease with kidney transplantation and anal SCC who presented with bladder squamous cell CIS arising in the background of condyloma acuminatum.

Keywords: bladder; condyloma acuminatum; immunosuppression; squamous cell carcinoma in situ.