Training home visitors in mentalization-based practice: A qualitative case study of clinical supervision in mothering from the inside out

Author Department

Pediatrics; Healthcare Quality

Document Type

Article, Peer-reviewed

Publication Date



Attachment-based interventions are important for improving parent-child outcomes. These interventions must be scaled and made available to under-resourced communities. An important part of scaling these interventions is delineating and reproducing high-quality training, including clinical training which often requires the completion of a supervised case. However, descriptions and guidelines for clinical training are frequently broad or not available in the literature. A detailed description of clinical training could lead to further research to improve the effectiveness and dissemination of evidence-based interventions. Mothering from the Inside Out (MIO) is an attachment-based parenting intervention effective at reducing substance use and depression, improving caregiving, and enhancing child attachment. It is now being brought from research to community settings. This paper outlines the didactic and clinical training components of MIO. We then present a qualitative case study of one community-based counselor participating in the clinical training of MIO and employ qualitative methods to describe the main themes that arose during the training. We aim to illustrate how the trainer assisted the counselor in implementing the core components of MIO, which included (a) refining the language used in MIO sessions, (b) making space to explore mental states, and (c) addressing trauma. We conclude by presenting the implications of these findings.

Keywords: attachment; parenting; substance use disorder; supervision; training.