Impact of left ventricular ejection fraction on outcomes after left main revascularization: g-LM Registry
Internal Medicine; Medicine; Pediatrics; Cardiology
Aims: The impact of left ventricular dysfunction on clinical outcomes following revascularization is not well established in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCA). In this study, we evaluated the impact of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on clinical outcomes of patients with ULMCA requiring revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).
Methods: The details of the design, methods, end points, and relevant definitions are outlined in the Gulf Left Main Registry: a retrospective, observational study conducted between January 2015 and December 2019 across 14 centres in 3 Gulf countries. In this study, the data on patients with ULMCA who underwent revascularization through PCI or CABG were stratified by LVEF into three main subgroups; low (l-LVEF <40%), mid-range (m-LVEF 40-49%), and preserved (p-LVEF ≥50%). Primary outcomes were hospital major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and mortality and follow-up MACCE and mortality.
Results: A total of 2137 patients were included; 1221 underwent PCI and 916 had CABG. During hospitalization, MACCE was significantly higher in patients with l-LVEF [(10.10%), P = 0.005] and m-LVEF [(10.80%), P = 0.009], whereas total mortality was higher in patients with m-LVEF [(7.40%), P = 0.009] and p-LVEF [(7.10%), P = 0.045] who underwent CABG. There was no mortality difference between groups in patients with l-LVEF. At a median follow-up of 15 months, there was no difference in MACCE and total mortality between patients who underwent CABG or PCI with p-LVEF and m-LVEF.
Conclusion: CABG was associated with higher in-hospital events. Hospital mortality in patients with l-LVEF was comparable between CABG and PCI. At 15 months' follow-up, PCI could have an advantage in decreasing MACCE in patients with l-LVEF.
Daoulah A, Naser MJ, Hersi AS, Alshehri M, Garni TA, Abuelatta R, Yousif N, Almahmeed W, Alasmari A, Aljohar A, Alzahrani B, Abumelha BK, Ghani MA, Amin H, Hashmani S, Hiremath N, Kazim HM, Refaat W, Selim E, Jamjoom A, El-Sayed O, Al-Faifi SM, Feteih MN, Dahdouh Z, Aithal J, Ibrahim AM, Elganady A, Qutub MA, Alama MN, Abohasan A, Hassan T, Balghith M, Hussien AF, Abdulhabeeb IAM, Ahmad O, Ramadan M, Alqahtani AH, Alshahrani SS, Qenawi W, Shawky A, Ghonim AA, Elmahrouk A, Alhamid S, Maghrabi M, Haddara MM, Iskandar M, Shawky AM, Hurley WT, Elmahrouk Y, Ahmed WA, Lotfi A. Impact of left ventricular ejection fraction on outcomes after left main revascularization: g-LM Registry. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2022 Oct 12. doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000001383. Epub ahead of print.