Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Short-Term Outcomes Following Left-Sided Valvular Surgery: An Echocardiographic Study
Background The prognostic value of echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular (RV) function in patients undergoing left-sided valvular surgery has not been well described. The objective of this study is to determine the role of broad echocardiographic assessment of RV function in predicting short-term outcomes after valvular surgery. Methods and Results Preoperative echocardiographic data, perioperative adverse outcomes, and 30-day mortality were analyzed in patients who underwent left-sided valvular surgery from 2006 to 2014. Echocardiographic parameters used to evaluate RV function include RV fractional area change, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, systolic movement of the RV lateral wall using tissue Doppler imaging (S'), RV myocardial performance index, and RV dP/dt. Subjects with at least 3 abnormal parameters out of the 5 aforementioned indices were defined as having significant RV dysfunction. The study included 269 patients with valvular surgery (average age: 67±15, 60.6% male, 148 aortic, and 121 mitral). RV dysfunction was found in 53 (19.7%) patients; 30-day mortality occurred in 20 patients (7.5%). Compared with normal RV function, patients with RV dysfunction had higher 30-day mortality (22.6% versus 3.8%; P=0.01) and were at risk for developing multisystem failure/shock (13.2% versus 3.2%; P=0.01). Multivariate analyses showed that preexisting RV dysfunction was the strongest predictor of increased 30-day mortality (odds ratio: 3.5; 95% CI, 1.1-11.1; P<0.05). Conclusions Preoperative RV dysfunction identified by comprehensive echocardiographic assessment is a strong predictor of adverse outcomes following left-sided valvular surgery.
Keywords: echocardiography; right ventricle; valvular surgery.
Towheed A, Sabbagh E, Gupta R, Assiri S, Chowdhury MA, Moukarbel GV, Khuder SA, Schwann TA, Bonnell MR, Cooper CJ, Khouri S. Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Short-Term Outcomes Following Left-Sided Valvular Surgery: An Echocardiographic Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 Feb 9:e016283. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.120.016283. Epub ahead of print.