Homozygous lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency due to a new loss of function mutation and review of the literature
BACKGROUND: A case of homozygous familial lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency with a novel homozygous LCAT missense mutation (replacement of methionine by arginine at position 293 in the amino acid sequence of the LCAT protein) is reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: The probable diagnosis was suggested by findings of marked high density lipoprotein (HDL) deficiency, corneal opacification, anemia, and renal insufficiency. The diagnosis was confirmed by two dimensional gel electrophoresis of HDL, the measurement of free and esterified cholesterol, and sequencing of the LCAT gene. CONCLUSIONS: In our view the most important aspects of therapy to prevent the kidney disease that these patients develop is careful control of blood pressure and lifestyle measures to optimize non HDL lipoproteins. In the future replacement therapy by gene transfer or other methods may become available. Copyright Â© 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Roshan B, Ganda OP, Desilva R, Ganim RB, Ward E, Haessler SD, Polisecki EY, Asztalos BF, Schaefer EJ. Homozygous lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency due to a new loss of function mutation and review of the literature J Clin Lipidol 2011 Nov;5(6):493-9.